There is an app for everything these days, and companies keep developing mobile applications for their products.
The first choice you gotta make when deciding to develop an app is a platform it is going to be available on. You won’t be surprised here - the most popular ones are iOS and Android.
If you are curious about differences of Android and iOS development processes, pros and cons of each of them, then you are at the right place.
Do You Speak Programming?
It all begins with programming languages. Java is for Android, Objective-C and Swift are for iOS.
Java is an open source, it can be used to develop for Windows and Linux, unlike Objective-C. At the same time Swift is on its way to become an open source and it already supports Linux tools.
Swift is a new programming language introduced by Apple in 2014 with a purpose to replace Objective-C. It is much easier and more interactive, and it is still in the process of being developed so upgrades can be expected.
Let’s do a brief comparison:
+ easier to learn and work with
+ can be used to develop for multiple platforms and plenty of devices
- the extensive amount of devices available to work with Java products requires more code written, which means more developer’s time and more money spent if they’ve got an hourly rate; workloads can increase from 30% up to 200% compared to iOS coding
+ is commong among the majority of iOS developers
+ suits both dynamiv frameworks and static libraries
+ well established, stable and trusted - all of the companies developed their apps using Obj-C before 2014, and most of them continue doing it to this day
- complicated syntax, significantly different from other programming languages, that can rarely be learnt by oneself
- limited to Apple devices
+ simple and pithy, easy to understand and work with
+ enhanced safety
+ decreased code length compared to Obj-C
+ open source
- only compiled to dynamic frameworks
- relatively new and not as well known and used as Obj-C
IDEal for You!
Integrated Development Environment (IDE) is an application that alleviates developer’s work, usually used in visual programming. It is a GUI-based developer’s aid when working with integrated environment. It combines lots of very useful tools like debugger, compiler and text editor.
Apple’s version of IDE is XCode. It has been first release and the latest version at the moment is XCode 9.0 available for macOS Sierra users for free. It is claimed to understand your code automatically and faster than anyone else, and to search large projects 50 times faster than before, which is quite a statement!
Eclipsed used to be Android’s original IDE, but it has been replaced with Android Studio in 2014. It has got times more features and various developers noted improvement in performance.
Pick a Target
Apple designs its own software and hardware completely, and it is a known fact that Apple is very strict with it’s technology. Apple focuses on how to keep existing clients loyal rather than how to get as much as possible new ones.
Android platform pays more attention to market share. As you can imagine, Android market is dramatically wider.
Android apps are more ad-friendly, and iOS apps are more likely to require a charge.
It is up there in the list of things to consider when choosing the platform to develop on. Developing for Android means developing for a countless amount of devices. Moreover, unlike iOS users, Android users don’t tend to update to the latest OS versions, even though adjusting an application to the OS upgrades is an important concern for a developer.
As it follows from the previous statements, iOS platform is more fragmentation-friendly. Device selection is more narrow and the importance of OS upgrading is more spread about.
Of course to make an app feel more native on a device one must create a suitable design.
Here are some of the main differences:
- Apple’s style is rather minimalistic, while Android is developing a Material design
- Apple devices lack the back button which must be rendered in the screen UI
- Android uses drawer menu while Apple sticks to a tab bar and so on
If you choose Android, you have to pay $25 to be registered as a developer. Apple is a tiny bit more pricy in that matter - $99 annually (not to mention that you can only use Mac to develop for iOS).
It only takes a few days for your application to be released on Google Play and the same amount of time for you to fix any malfunction, while App Store testing period can last up to 3 weeks! Gotta admit though, it will make sure that your app is completely bug-free (or the release will be declined and you will have to repeat the process after making changes).
How to Profit
When it comes to financial aspect, you gotta think about different factors like location in which your app might be most popular, demographics, the whole app purpose etc.
So here we have a brief overview on how iOS development is different from Android. Both parties have got some pros and cons, but hopefully we have helped you if you had a problem making a choice!
If you have any questions left, feel free to contact us. Thunderrise Dev Team would love to make your idea into a great high-quality product!